Carallia brachiata, Fam. Rhizophoraceae
Small tree, usually around 5-8m but can reach 20m with corky creamy brown bark. brachiate from the Latin ‘bracchium’ arm, forearm, referring to the arm like divisions of the flowers.
|Form or habit:||Small tree|
Simple, opposite with each successive pair at right angles to the pair below, entire (may be finely toothed in juveniles), elliptic to obovate, 5-15 x 2-10cm, glossy, dark green above, paler below with tiny black spots, stipules up to 2.5cm long.
|Flower description:||Cyme up to 6cm long, often resinous with small, white crowded flowers. Winter to spring.|
|Fruit description:||Glossy pink or red, pulpy, globose fruit, about 7mm in diameter. Spring.|
|Habitat:||Gallery (riverine or riparian) forest, rainforest.|
|Distribution||Queensland, Northern Territory, Western Australia, New Guinea, Melanesia, Malesia, Asia.|
|Food source for:||Buds and flowers eaten by the southern common cuscus. Fruit eaten by the metallic starling. Larvae of Dysphania fenestrate (four o’clock moth) feed on the leaves.|
|Toxicity:||No toxicity known|
|Origin:||Australia, New Guinea, Melanesia, Malesia, Asia.|
|Notes:||Despite its common name, this is the only Australian species in the family that is not a mangrove. Ripe fruit is reportedly edible. Grow from fresh seed.|
|Information sources:||Melzer R. & Plumb J. (2007) Plants of Capricornia.|