COFFEE, ARABIAN COFFEE (WEED)
Coffea arabica, Fam. Rubiaceae
Shrub or tree to 6m.
|Form or habit:||Shrub or small tree|
Opposite or rarely in whorls of 3, simple, elliptic to obovate, 70-200 x 30-90mm, margins wavy; dark shiny green above, paler beneath, domatia conspicuous; 2-4mm long stipules borne on stem between leaf-stalks.
|Flower colour:||White or cream|
|Flower description:||White or cream 5-petalled, 18-25mm in diameter, borne in axillary clusters; perfumed.|
|Fruit description:||Bright red ellipsoid drupes, 12-16 x 10-25mm, with 1-2 green or cream ‘seeds’, 10-14mm long.|
|Food source for:|
|Toxicity:||No toxicity known|
|Weed status:||Environmental/garden escapee|
|Notes:||Spread by: Birds and possibly by water. Invades: Rainforest. Notes: Garden ornamental, and commercial crop in some areas; ‘seeds’ roasted and ground for coffee. Naturalised in rainforests in both North and Southeast Queensland and known to be naturalised in rainforest on lower north-eastern slopes of Mt Jukes where all size classes are common. Not officially recorded and full extent of population not known. Origin apparently from a very early unsuccessful commercial trial in the Mt Jukes valley. Environmental weed.|
|Information sources:||Mackay Regional Pest Management Group (2011) Weeds of the Mackay Whitsunday Region.|