Cocos nucifera, Fam. Arecaceae
A solitary palm to 30m with a stout trunk, particularly at base.
|Form or habit:||Palm or palm like plant|
Large pinnate arching fronds to 6m long with numerous leaflets.
|Flower colour:||Cream to yellow|
|Flower description:||Three-petalled cream to yellow, about 12mm long, borne in large axillary sprays.|
|Fruit colour:||Green to yellow-orange to brown|
|Fruit description:||Large drupes rarely less than 200mm, green, yellow-orange and finally brown with fibrous husk surrounding one 80-100mm long ‘nut’.|
|Food source for:|
|Toxicity:||No toxicity known|
|Origin:||Probably Pacific & Indian Ocean islands, now Pantropic|
|Weed status:||Environmental/garden escapee|
|Notes:||Spread by: Water, including ocean currents; indiscriminately dumped fruit; gravity. Invades: Coastal areas, destabilising dune systems. Notes: Historically, widely planted on islands and coastal areas; still being used in amenity plantings. They have many economic uses but naturalised populations can become serious environmental weeds. Over time, unattended plants produce expansive populations with a thick ground layer of fallen fronds and fruit. Falling coconuts may also be a safety hazard. Environmental weed.|
|Information sources:||Mackay Regional Pest Management Group (2011) Weeds of the Mackay Whitsunday Region.|