Momordica charantia, Fam. Cucurbitaceae
An annual slender stemmed vine, twining or climbing by coiled tendrils. All parts produce a strong, unpleasant smell.
Other invasive plants
Invasive plants that are not prohibited or restricted invasive plants, but are known to spread readily and cause negative impacts, within the region.
|Form or habit:||Vine (Climbing, Twining or groundcover)|
Alternate orbicular in outline, to 150mm across, deeply palmately divided into 5-7- pointed lobes with scalloped margins, mid-green and soft textured; stalk 30-50mm long.
|Flower description:||Yellow with 5 petals, about 20mm wide, solitary male or female flowers borne on stems to 50mm long in the leaf axils.|
|Fruit description:||Fleshy reddish orange pendulous capsules, 30-120 x 20-30mm, tapered at both ends, ridged and warty; bursting open on maturity. Seeds are small, black and surrounded by a scarlet-red fleshy aril.|
|Food source for:|
|Toxicity:||No toxicity known|
|Notes:||Spread by: animals, birds and humans. Invades/threats: sugarcane crops, rainforest margins, creek bank and coastal communities, unmanaged land, roadsides and gardens. Notes: introduced to Australia and now widely naturalised. Used in Asian cooking for its bitter taste; has many medicinal uses. The red flesh is reported to be edible but seeds shouldn’t be eaten. Environmental weed.|
|Information sources:||Mackay Regional Pest Management Group (2018) Weeds of the Mackay Whitsunday Region Second Edition.|